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1900 U.S. Federal Census

The twelfth census of the United States was conducted under the terms of the census act of March 3, 1899, and was limited to those questions asked for all the population in 1890, with only minor changes in content. The period, however, featured the first U.S. censuses outside the continental States and territories.2

The official enumeration day of the 1900 census was 1 June 1900. All questions asked were supposed to refer to that date. 3

Population Census Items

Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years married; for women, number of children born and number now living; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized; occupation; months not employed; school attendance; literacy; ability to speak English; whether on a farm; home owned or rented and if owned, whether mortgaged.1

Historical Forms and Questions

In 1900, only minor changes were made to the form. This was the first time, however, that the United States conducted censuses outside of the continental United States and territories. Enumerations took place in Hawaii, Puerto Rico and in the Phillippine Islands. View sample forms
Subscription Databases ($) from
  • Web: Marinette County, Wisconsin Census, 1900 (Excluding Grover Precinct)
  • Web: Rockingham County, Virginia Census, 1900
  • Web: 1900 United States Federal Census
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    Related Articles from
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  • Web: Completes 1900 Census Project
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    1 Availability of Census Records About Individuals, U.S. Census Bureau Web Site,

    2 Census of Population and Housing, U.S. Census Bureau Web Site,

    3 The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy by Loretto Dennis Szucs; edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking (Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry Incorporated, 1997).


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