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1870 U.S. Federal Census

The 1870 census commenced on June 1, 1870, and was taken under the provisions of the census act of May 23, 1850. The 1870 enumeration was completed on August 23, 1871. The work of compiling the census data, a portion of which was tallied using a machine invented by Charles W. Seaton, was completed in 1872.2

There were no substantial state- or district-wide losses.3

Population Census Items

Name; age; race; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; birthplace; whether parents were foreign born; month of birth if born within the year; month of marriage if married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; male citizens 21 and over, and number of such persons denied the right to vote for other than rebellion.

Supplemental schedule for persons who died during the year.1

Subscription Databases ($) from Ancestry.com
  • Winchendon, Massachusetts Census, 1870
  • Winnebago County, Oshkosh Wisconsin, Census, 1870
  • 1870 United States Federal Census
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  • ** Click here for a FREE 1870 Census form from Ancestry.com (Adobe Acrobat required)

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